Ruby( King of Gemstone)


Ruby Gemstones are among the most precious gemstones in the world. They are formed naturally in the earth under specific conditions. They have a deep and vibrant red color with alluring sparkle.

Ruby Color

Ruby gemstones are valued for their rich, red color that denotes passion. This red hue takes on a variety of shades. Each ruby also has inclusions which makes each ruby unique. Even the name of the ruby was derived from the Latin word for red, "rubens."

Why famous Burmese Ruby?

Gemstones colors are typically graded based on three factors. Hue, tone and saturation. Hue is the gradation of the color, for example dark or pale. Tone is the degree of absorption and reflection of light. For example tones can range from black to clear. Tone is the major determinant of the intensity of color. Finally, saturation is how much of the color of the stone comprises of the primary color. For rubies, those that are vividly and primarily red are most sought after.
Ruby colors can range from a deep blackish red to an orangish or pinkish red. Regardless of the combinations of other colors that can be a part of the ruby, the primary color is always red. Rubies that are on the shade of too dark can be the color of a wine color. The darkness of this ruby has a rich color but can have less sparkle. Rubies that pure red are often called "pigeon blood" or burmese red rubies. Their color is a lustrous, sparkling true red color. These rubies are the most prized and valuable of all rubies. Burmese rubies posses a slight bluish tinge which is how they are distinguished. This term is an old one which probably originated in the gemstone industry in the 1800's. While not an exact or scientific term, "pigeon blood" is one that signfies topmost quality. While these types of rubies are most famously from Myanmar.

Origin & Formation

Rubies are made from the mineral corundum or aluminum oxide. When rubies are treated to extreme heat and pressure, they are formed under the earth's surface. Corundum is made of densely packed oxygen and aluminum atoms. Typically, this results in a colorless substance. However, when some of the aluminum atoms are replaced by other minerals or substances, the stone can take on other colors. This is how the ruby is formed and gets it's deep red hue. Specifically the presence of chromium creates the deep red color. Rare orange and pink shades of ruby are created by the presence of chromium and ferric iron. If 1% of the aluminum atoms are replaced by chromium atoms, the ruby forms a deep red color.

Burmese Ruby

Origin greatly affects the worth of a ruby. Hailing from the southeast Asian country of Myanmar, the Burmese Ruby, also known as the Pigeon's Blood Ruby, proves to be visually stunning through its blood red coloring, and therefore, the most valuable type of ruby. For 800 years of history, the Mogok Stone tract has been characterized as the most famous source for Burmese Rubies. The rubies found in this particular source can account their beauty to not only their vibrant red color, but also to a reaction to ultraviolet light, giving the gem an intense red glow when viewed in natural lighting. Rubies from this region are also known to have a lower iron content. When present in higher quantities, the iron can subdue the electric looking red fluorescence of the ruby. This ability to glow from within almost makes the Burmese rubies look like they have a flame glowing within them. Burmese rubies have a true red to pinkish, red color in natural lighting. This valuable combination sets Burmese rubies apart from all others. As they do not have other undertones, their value is higher than rubies from other sources. More recently, rubies from the Möng Hsu region and Namya region and other news source of Myanmar have become more abundant in the gem market.

Burmese Ruby Value

For thousands of years, the brilliant coloring has made the Burmese Ruby practically irresistible. Its durability only increases the ruby's worth. Rating at a 9 on the Mohs scale hardness.
Myanmar (Burma) is the most famous locality for rubies. Burmese rubies are known for their fine fluorescent red color in any kind of light and the color of Burmese stones is often said to be "pigeons blood". Burmese rubies, with their rich heritage and history, command the highest prices at all the high end gems and jewelry auctions, and stones over 3 carat are among the rarest and most expensive of gemstones anywhere.

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