You’re probably familiar with the color amber. It ranges from translucent yellow to orange, and a favorite hue when it comes to several items of jewelry. But
Did you know that amber has more depth and definition?
In fact, there are several types of amber out there, and one of them is Burmese amber
Amber and Burmese Amber
Amber is basically the fossilized sap of extinct trees that can be found in the temperate and subtropical forests some 100 million years ago. The hardened resindeposits of amber have been found all over the world, so don’t be surprised when you come across Baltic amber, which ranges from pale yellowish white to black, ruby red and sometimes purple Sicilian amber, and the even darker Romanian amber.
Burmese amber, on the other hand, is mostly deep red. It also happens to the rarest and most valuable amber known to man. Its high fluorescent quality adds to its appeal, making it one of the most sought after ambers in the world.
History of Burmese Amber
Burmese amber, also referred to as Burmite, is from the Hukawng Valley in the northern state of Kachin in Burma. Historical accounts say that Burmese amber made its way from the valley to the Roman Empire via the Silk Road in China as early as the first century AD. Initially, the Europeans thought that burmite originated from China’s Yannan province, but that was clearly disproved once the British found conclusive proof during the latter part of 1800s that Burmese amber did originate from northern Burma. These accounts make Burmite at least 100 million years old, so it has already been around during the time of the dinosaurs.
Characteristics of Burmese Amber
- Burmese amber is known for its deep red or clear cherry red color.
- However, you will find that they also come in shades of sherry and even burnt orange.
- Depending on the angle of the light, they can also exhibit color variations.
- This is the highly fluorescent quality mentioned earlier in the article.
- Mostly, Burmese amber is very clear.
- However, upon closer inspection, and when placed under magnification, you can often see swirls of color, albeit minute.
- These subtle dots and swirls of color add more depth to the material, especially when used for jewelry.
- It also complements the hand carvings and designs that the Chinese love to do on Burmese amber.
- Compared to other ambers, burmite is also harder, which can be attributed to its older age.
- Burmite amber is dated in Cretaceous epoch, late Albian to early Cenomanian age, approximately 96 to 105 millions years old.
- The mines area are located in Hukawng Valley, Kachin State, northern Myanmar.